Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Frequently Asked Questions

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

For the most current information, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website – COVID-19.

CDC continues to closely monitoring an outbreak of respiratory illness caused by a novel (new) coronavirus (named COVID-19) that was first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China and which continues to expand. Chinese health officials have reported thousands of infections with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China, including outside of Hubei Province. Infections with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) also are being reported in a growing number of international locations, including the United States.

There are ongoing investigations to learn more. This is a rapidly evolving situation and information will be updated as it becomes available.

If you have been in mainland, China, in the last two weeks or know someone who may have COVID-19 AND you have symptoms, please call your health care provider so they can make arrangements for you to be assessed.

Dial 1-800-889-3931 or email DPH.SICK@ILLINOIS.GOV to have all your COVID-19 questions answered.

Persons Under Investigation (PUI) for COVID-19

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Illinois Test Results

Positive (confirmed) 2
Negative 63
PUIs Pending Results at CDC or IDPH 0
Total PUI 65

Information regarding the number of persons under investigation updated on February 20, 2020.

 

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing illness in people, and others that circulate among animal, including camels, cats, and bats.  Rarely animal coronaviruses can evolve and infect people and then spread between people.
Human coronaviruses are common throughout the world and commonly cause mild to moderate illness in people worldwide.  However, the emergence of novel (new) coronaviruses, such as SARS and MERS, have been associated with more severe respiratory illness.

Symptoms

Common human coronaviruses usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold. These illnesses usually only last for a short amount of time. Symptoms may include

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

Human coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis.

Transmission

Human coronaviruses most commonly spread from an infected person to others through

  • the air by coughing and sneezing
  • close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
  • touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
  • rarely, fecal contamination

Prevention

The following can help prevent the spread of coronaviruses and protect yourself from becoming infected.

  • wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
  • avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
  • avoid close contact with people who are sick

There are currently no vaccines to protect against human coronavirus infection

Treatment

There are no specific treatments. To help relieve symptoms

  • take pain and fever medications
  • drink plenty of liquids
  • stay home and rest

Page Last Reviewed: February 20, 2020