A cornerstone of the Division’s initial efforts was a three-tiered designation system (i.e., regional, area wide and local) for trauma centers throughout the state. Local and area wide trauma centers were to direct appropriate patients to the regional centers through patient referral agreements. The fledgling program had a beneficial impact, but it would not be until later, when stronger enabling legislation was enacted, that a sophisticated trauma system emerged.
In 2004, the name of the Division was changed from Emergency Medical Services and Highway Safety to the Division of Emergency Medical Systems and Highway Safety. This small change was done to reflect our role in the overall system, and the distinction that the Division does not actually provide medical services.
The Illinois Department of Public Health, Division of Emergency Medical Systems (EMS) & Highway Safety funding comes from: State of Illinois General Revenue Fund (GRF), State Trauma Center Fund, HHS-ASPR Hospital Preparedness Grant, National Highway Traffic Safety Act Grant, EMS Assistance Fund, and fees for issuing and renewing licenses for pre-hospital personnel and ambulances.
IDPH collects and provides statewide data for:
- Pre-hospital emergency medical services "run" reports;
- Head and spinal cord injuries; and
- Violent injuries
These data are used for developing EMS education, evaluating patient and EMS outcomes, research, policy evaluation and development, and rating studies. Illinois submits EMS data to the National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) national data repository on a quarterly basis.
IDPH also provides EMResource, a cloud-based information system, to collect and display emergency department status and bed and non-bed resource availability and capacity counts for hospitals statewide, as well as for hospitals in neighboring states with which the department has entered into a reciprocal viewing authorization agreement.