E-cigarettes and Vapes

E-cigarettes, vapes, vape or hookah pens, e-pipes, and other vaping products are battery-powered devices that allow users to inhale, or vape, aerosolized liquid (e-juice). Beginning July 1, 2019, Illinois law prohibits the sale of tobacco products, including these products, to people younger than age 21.

E-cigarettes recently surpassed conventional cigarettes as the most commonly used tobacco product among youth.1 It is critical that public health officials and the general public understand the potential risks of using them.

2019 Respiratory Illnesses in Illinois

Cases* Individuals needing more investigation Deaths **
52 12 1

Updated September 12, 2019
*Case means evidence of respiratory illness, with no other cause identified, and report vaping in the last 90 days.
** Death included in the number of cases

Cases in Chicago and Champaign, Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Henry, Kane, Kendall, Lake, Madison, McHenry, Peoria, Rock Island, St. Clair, Tazewell, Vermilion, Wabash, Will, and Winnebago counties.

Ages - 15-41 years. Median age - 22 years.

Updates will be posted by end of day on Thursdays.

What are E-cigarettes and Vapes?

E-cigarettes are devices which produce an aerosol by heating a liquid that usually contains nicotine—the addictive drug in regular cigarettes, cigars, and other tobacco products—flavorings, and other chemicals that help to make the aerosol. Bystanders can also breathe in this aerosol when the user exhales into the air. The nicotine in e-cigarettes and regular cigarettes is highly addictive.

These devices come in a variety of shapes and sizes, as pictured below, with several different names. Some e-cigarettes look like regular cigarettes, but many resemble pens or USB flash drives, and are not recognized as tobacco products. Larger e-cigarettes such as tank systems, or “mods,” do not resemble other tobacco products. E-cigarettes are known by many different names. They are sometimes called e-cigs, e-hookahs, mods, vape pens, vapes, and tank systems. Using an e-cigarette is often called “vaping” or “JUULing.” 2Most e-cigarette users do not consider themselves to be smokers.

Some e-cigarettes, like JUUL, are shaped like a USB flash drive. Like other e-cigarettes, these are battery-powered device that heats a nicotine liquid to produce an aerosol that is inhaled. According to the manufacturer, a single JUUL pod contains as much nicotine as a pack of 20 regular cigarettes. Although JUUL is currently the top-selling e-cigarette in the U.S., other e-cigarettes are becoming available that look like USB flash drives. Because of their shape, school teachers, administrators, and parents may not notice students using these devices in school, including in classrooms and bathrooms.


Image credit: cdc.gov

Youth e-cigarette use is an emerging public health threat

Among U.S. and Illinois high school students in 2017, almost 28% reported having ever tried cigarette smoking; 8% reported currently smoking cigarettes (at least one time during the last 30 days); 42% reported having ever used an electronic vapor product (including e-cigarettes, e-cigars, e-pipes, vape pipes, vaping pens, e-hookahs, and hookah pens); and 13% reported currently using an electronic vapor product. 1 Despite current tobacco use, cigarette smoking has declined dramatically among Illinois high school students. Since 2008, cigarette smoking among Illinois high school seniors has decreased from 21% to 5% in 2018.2

Alarmingly, e-cigarette use by high school seniors is higher than cigarette use was 10 years ago. Between 2016 to 2018, e-cigarette use in Illinois increased from 18.4% to 26.7% among high school seniors, a 45% increase; a 15% increase was seen among 8th grade students; and a 65% increase among 10th grade students.2 E-cigarettes put youth at risk for addiction and possibly worse asthma outcomes3, yet almost 40% of 10th and 12th grade youth believe there is low or no risk of negative health effects.2

Citations

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2017. Youth Risk Behavior Survey Data. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/results.htm.
  2. Center for Prevention Research and Development. 2018. Illinois Youth Survey 2018 Frequency Report: State of Illinois. Champaign, IL: CPRD, School of Social Work, University of Illinois. Retrieved from https://iys.cprd.illinois.edu/UserFiles/Servers/Server_178052/File/state-reports/2018/Freq18_IYS_Statewide.pdf.
  3. U.S. Food & Drug Administration. 2018. Youth E-cigarette Prevention Campaign Press Release. Retrieved from https://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm620788.htm
  4. Positive response to the question “Have you ever used an electronic vapor product?”
  5. Indicates use in the question “How frequently have you used electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) during the past 30 days.
  6. During the past 12 months, did you ever try to quit using all tobacco products, including cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, shisha or hookah tobacco, and electronic vapor products?

E-cigarettes contain harmful chemicals

These products are not safe for youth, young adults, pregnant women, or adults who do not currently use tobacco products. The aerosol created by e-cigarettes can contain ingredients that are harmful and potentially harmful to the public’s health.4 The federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has reported that some people who use e-cigarettes have experienced seizures, with most reports involving youth or young adult users. Seizures or convulsions are known potential side effects of nicotine toxicity.5

E-cigarettes are considered tobacco products because most of them contain nicotine, which comes from tobacco. Besides nicotine, e-cigarettes can contain harmful and potentially harmful ingredients, including:

  • Ultrafine particles that can be inhaled deep into the lungs
  • Additives such as diacetyl, a chemical linked to serious lung disease (such as popcorn lung)
  • Volatile organic compounds
  • Heavy metals, such as nickel, tin, and lead.4

E-cigarettes are not safe for youth

Flavored e-cigarettes are very popular, especially among young people. Nationally, more than 8 of every 10 youth, aged 12-17 years who use e-cigarettes said they use flavored e-cigarettes. More than 9 of every 10 young adult e-cigarette users said they use e-cigarettes flavored to taste like menthol, alcohol, candy, fruit, chocolate, or other sweets. 2 E-cigarettes are advertised on television, radio, and other media. E-cigarettes and vaping devices are not covered by federal law restricting cigarette advertising.

Citations

  1. Youth E-cigarette Use, CDC Vital Signs – February 2019 https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/youth-tobacco-use/
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smoking and Tobacco Use. About Electronic Cigarettes. https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/about-e-cigarettes.html
  3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Keep Kids E-Cigarette Free
  4. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. E-Cigarette Use Among Young and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. https://e-cigarettes.surgeongeneral.gov/documents/2016_SGR_Fact_Sheet_508.pdf
  5. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Some E-Cigarette Users Are Having Seizures, Most Reports Involving Youth and Young Adults. https://www.fda.gov/tobacco-products/ctp-newsroom/some-e-cigarette-users-are-having-seizures-most-reports-involving-youth-and-young-adults

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